Consequences of Quantum Theory
What follows for theology?
In his lead article, John Polkinghorne explains the astonishing basics of quantum physics. Upon these physical explanations he constructs his metaphysical interpretations, implying important consequences for the perception of theology. Do you agree with his conclusion? To encourage discussion, we have invited Dr. Anna Ijjas for a first response, and thank her so much for her reply. Now everyone is invited, to make his own remarks.
This thread is meant for the discussion of the original English version of the article only. For a discussion in German, please change the discussion thread.
In the face of this situation, Polkinghorne argues for giving up the idea of both universal rationality and universal epistemology. However, the measurement problem only states that we do not understand the relation between quantum and classical phenomena. It is far from being evident why the lack of understanding in this particular case should be accepted as the norm for rationality simpliciter. Even if we stop asking "Why it is reasonable?", in order to accept an answer to the question "What makes you think that might be the case?", we still need a universal rule of discourse -- be it a pragmatic one.
On the other hand, giving up the idea of universal rationality has serious consequences for the interdisciplinary dialogue; if different fields of experience presuppose different kinds of rationality, the relation between science and religion might be more properly described in terms of a NOMA-like model à la Gould, implying -- in some cases -- radical incommensurability.
Therefore, instead of giving up the idea of universal rationality, I suggest that we recognize quantum theory as a challenge to reconsider our idea of universal rationality. That is to say, I suggest that we do not accept the apparent insolubility of the measurement problem, but continue to seek for understanding.
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